Year : 2023
Memphis and its Necropolis - The Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur, represents one of the most unique sites on both local and international levels. The cultural significance of the site stems from three key features:
Tangible Cultural Heritage: Memphis and its Necropolis is a World Heritage Property that was inscribed as a cultural site in (1979), under the criterion (i)(iii)(vi). The property covers an area of 163.5852 square kilometers. It includes many significant attributes such as:
Intangible cultural heritage associated with property and its direct setting, which is represented in:
Significant Natural environment: represented in the natural elements contained in the property such as the Topography of the desert plateau, The remains of Lake Abu Sir, and Date Palm Fields.
World Heritage Property is protected on a national level under the law of Antiquities (No 117/ Year1983). It is managed primarily by the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities (MOTA). Many other governmental institutions, private sector bodies, NGOs, and local communities represent the key stakeholders of the property. Other significant features within the direct setting of the property such as intangible heritage and natural environment are managed separately by other governmental institutions.
The management Plan's Intellectual approach
The management plan for Memphis and its Necropolis adopts a comprehensive methodology concerning the strategies, principles, guidelines, and standards governing the plan. Yet, it deals with each component of the site with a specific for its characteristics, preservation, management, and development requirements, considering the integration between those requirements and plan priorities.
Our methodology for developing a management plan is based on:
Memphis and its Necropolis Management plan is intended to represent the site as an open record of history, extending over periods of the ancient Egyptian civilization. its key objective is to enhance the property’s potential contribution to the national and international sustainable development vision through preserving its cultural heritage values on local national and international levels, protecting the natural environment, and supporting the fulfillment of urban, social, and economic development needs.
The management plan is designed to achieve its objectives through:
Balanced Representation of Values through the Development of a holistic vision reflecting the aspirations of the community and its values as well as providing a strategic approach for the conservation of the cultural and natural heritage of the World Heritage Site.
Comprehensive Identification of the property’s Significant layers of cultural and natural values and attributes with its wider context including notably the site’s topography, geomorphology, hydrology and natural features, its built environment, both historic and contemporary, its infrastructures above and below ground, its open spaces and gardens, its land use patterns and spatial organization, perceptions, and visual relationships, as well as all other elements of the urban structure. It also includes social and cultural practices and values, economic processes, and the intangible dimensions of heritage as related to diversity and identity.
Sustainability Enhancement through the integration of heritage conservation goals and those of social and economic development taking into consideration:
“Memphis and its Necropolis, A complete record of history, urbanization, and creativity of ancient Egypt’s capital, from its beginnings to the Middle Ages, offers both the visitor and resident the experience of rediscovering the successive layers of the past, contributes effectively to the development of the present and establishes a future with an authentic identity for people and place.
The plan aims to raise the efficiency of efforts to manage and preserve the site and work on defining, preserving, and displaying the site’s outstanding universal values, local cultural and natural values, and planning for integration between these efforts and the requirements of sustainable development locally and internationally. The management plan provides frameworks, guidelines, and procedures to help concerned parties understand and protect the site and its universal and local values to preserve and sustainably develop the site as an integrated whole and not as separate areas.
The management plan development process included